Persian Gardens are indicated to the gardens which have a particular architecture style. Constituent elements such as geometric structure, water, trees and a palace that is placed at the center of the garden are demonstrative part of these gardens. Mainly, Persian gardens are located on the Iranian plateau and peripheral regions that are affected by its local culture.
In Persian literature, Persian garden are called “Paradise, Ferdows or Boostan”.
The Persian Garden has three unique structures and designs.
First: it is on the waterway.
Second: enclosed with tall walls
Third: In the garden, there are a summer mansion and a water pool.
These three characteristics distinguish Iranian gardens. Indeed, these explanations have been told by the European tourists who viewed different gardens and has been described as Persian gardens. The word “PERSIAN GARDEN” is a specific portray for this style of gardens and refers to its unique structure and design.
Iranian Gardens are linked to the history of the aqueduct or in Persian “Qanats”. The first Persian gardens have been formed on the way of the Qanats. Examples of such gardens can be found in Tabas, Yazd, Gonabad, Birjand and most desert areas and you are able to visit most of them in your travel to Iran. One of the hallmarks of Iranian garden is the passage of water inside the garden, a pool in the middle of the garden and a summer house or mansion. Some gardens include four gardens or parts and have water in 4 paths.
Pasargad is considered as the first architectural theme of Persian gardens. Cyrus the Great personally instructed the creation of Pasargad Garden and how trees should be planted. In fact, the hydration of the garden and its shape and meaning were taken from Cyrus perspective to Iranian garden. In the Sassanid period, the gardens were formed in front of the palaces and temples, and this continued throughout the Islamic period as well.
The oldest documentary that is illustrating the Persian garden’s order returns to the Sassanid era. In the prominent Taq Bostan, the scene of Khosro Parviz hunting and the plot of his hunting garden in the vault of Bostan are depicted. This featured gesture reveals the geometry of the garden and its function through Iran History.
There are nine Persian gardens through Iran tourism attractions which are listed as UNESCO world heritage sites.
- Pasargad garden, Shiraz
- Eram Garden, Shiraz
- Chehel Sotoun Garden, Isfahan
- Fin Garden, Kashan
- Abbas Abad Garden, Behshahr-Mazandaran
- Shazdeh Garden, Mahan
- Dolat Abad Garden, Yazd
- Pahlavan Poor Garden, Mehriz-Yazd
- Akbarieh Garden, Birjand-South Khorasan
Design and pattern of these gardens are divided into four distinct parts. Water in all of these gardens plays an important role in terms of illustration, decorations and architectural arrays. The Persian Garden basically depicts a recognizable style that includes four common main elements with Zoroastrianism namely heaven, earth, water and plants. By using these elements has been trying to inspire an image of Paradise.